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Patrick Kavanagh (b. Oct. 21 (23?), 1904 - d. Nov. 30, 1967)
"Literary Adventure": In tribute to Patrick Kavanagh
Having just heard from the agent representing the Patrick & Katherine Kavanagh Trust that we can't publish any of the poet's works without paying a fee, we have tried to come up with an alternative which might actually prove to be of more value to those readers who want to know about the man. His works are well represented in books, so herewith, is an essay from the official web site. It captures something of who he was and how or why his poetry came to be.
Patrick Kavanagh was born on 21 October 1904, in Mucker townland, Inniskeen parish, Co. Monaghan, the son of James Kavanagh, a small farmer with sixteen acres who was also a cobbler, and Bridget Quinn. He attended Kednaminsha National School from 1909 to 1916 and worked on the family farm after leaving school.
His earliest poems were printed by the Dundalk Democrat and Weekly Independent, in1928; three more were printed by George Russell (Æ) in The Irish Statesman during 1929-30. In 1931 he walked to Dublin to meet Russell, who introduced him to Frank O'Connor. Ploughman and Other Poems was published by Macmillan in 1936; soon after he moved to London in search of literary work but returned to Ireland when this failed to offer a living. An autobiography, The Green Fool appeared in1938 but was withdrawn after a libel threat from Oliver Gogarty.
A long poem, perhaps his best, The Great Hunger, appeared in the London-based Horizon in 1942; its tragic statement of the mental and sexual frustrations of rural life was recognised as masterly by Frank O'Connor and George Yeats, who issued it in Dublin as a Cuala Press pamphlet; it seems also to have attracted the attention of the police and censors. Another fine long poem, Lough Derg, was written the same year though not published until 1971.
A Soul for Sale (1947) was followed by Tarry Flynn (1948), more realistic than the former autobiography, and called by the author 'not only the best but the only authentic account of life as it was lived in Ireland this century'; it was briefly banned.
With his brother Peter and financed by him, Patrick edited a paper, Kavanagh's Weekly, subtitled 'a journal of literature and politics' (13 issues; 12 April-5 July 1952); he contributed most of the articles and poems, usually under pseudonyms.
In 1952 a Dublin paper, The Leader, published a profile which depicted him as an alcoholic sponger, and he sued for libel. He was harshly cross-examined by John A. Costello, defending The Leader, when the case came to trial in 1954, and he lost. The following year he was diagnosed with cancer and had a lung removed.
At this low point he experienced a sort of personal and poetic renewal; Recent Poems (1958), (Peter Kavanagh Hand Press, New York), was followed by Come Dance with Kitty Stobling (London, Longmans, 1960); these contain some of his best known shorter poems. His Collected Poems were published in 1964 by MacGibbon and Kee who also brought out Collected Pruse (1967). Tarry Flynn was dramatised by P.J. O'Connor and produced by the Abbey Theatre in Dublin and in Dundalk in 1967.
He married Katherine Barry Moloney in April 1967 and lived with her in Waterloo Road, Dublin. He died on 30 November the same year in Dublin. In 2000 the Irish Times surveyed 'the nation's favourite poems' and ten of Kavanagh's poems were in the first fifty. His poem 'Raglan Road', written to be sung, was performed by the folk group, The Dubliners, and remains very popular. The Great Hunger was adapted for the theatre by Tom MacIntyre, and produced in Dublin (Abbey Theatre, 1983).
A second dramatic adaptation of Tarry Flynn was made by Conall Morrison (Abbey Theatre, 1997).
Today, in Dublin, Patrick Kavanagh is immortalized according to his wishes: " "O commemorate me with no hero-courageous/ Tomb - just a canal-bank seat for the passer-by."
This splendidly lifelike statue of him is seated on a bench on the bank of the Grand Canal in Dublin and of which at least one visitor has unwittingly begged its pardon.
Here is another shot after a snow storm.
ED. NOTE: The title of this article - Literary Adventure - is also the title of a short poem by Mr. Kavanagh which can be read on the official site. Please click Literary Adventure
Content: The official Patrick Kavanagh web site
Photos: Portrait: Choose Ireland
Grave sign: Go Ireland
In a field: The Rural Site
Bench Statue: Dublin Tourist
For more Poetry Click the Poetry Index.
Fri, Aug 29, 2014
This is the only book of Patrick Kavanagh's poems we could find. The rest appear to be out-of-print. We will continue our search but, meanwhile, you can have this one.
We have our favorites, of course, and they are all in here.
Please click for Collected Poems.
No matter who does the collecting, the works stand on their own but this is an excellent compilation and well worth adding to your library.
Click here for Yeats.
Interested in Irish Poetry?Here's the easy way to collect them all (well, almost all, anyway).
Malachy McCourt says in his introduction, "With the republication of this book, the Irish recover under their roof of stars all the great poets and writers who have been falsely claimed by the saxon crown and its minions - even our reprobates."
Amazon states this is out of stock. They still have used copies for almost nothing (except shipping - chuckle). If you would like a new edition, it was available at Powell's. We can't promise it's still there. Click here for Powell's 1000 Years.
Click here for used at Amazon.