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Bunús na Gaeilge - Basic Irish Language
There is no other way to revive Irish than for a crowd of people to spread it.
- Douglas Hyde
Note: The spellings and pronunciations used are based on Aideen's own natural use of Connemara Irish but they have been kept simple, so as to be understood where there are differences in the language.
For example, the word 'feicfidh' is used only in Connemara Irish; in Leinster, Ulster and Munster the word is 'cífidh'. There are two pronunciations; Leinster/Munster - kee-fee; Ulster - chee-fee.
The biggest problem for people whose native language is English is that the soft 't' and 'd' are in Irish, but not in English; it's difficult to 'reproduce' them in writing. Where I use 'th' and 'dh' here, they are best achieved by putting your tongue gently behind your front upper teeth."
Click here for our words & phrases Index.
Lesson #20 - Seasons and Weather.
Here, we tackle the seasons and the weather. It's a somewhat wide-ranging topic , so we're bringing you words in this lesson and we'll give related phrases next. Once again, we are most grateful to Aideen, our native Irish speaker, for making this lesson possible.
Pronunciation: sow(as in cow)-rah
Pronunciation: geev-reh (note: a hard 'g' sound, as in 'gale' and not in 'gel')
Irish: éirí na gréine
Pronunciation: eye-ree na gray-ne
Irish: luí (na) gréine
Pronunciation: lee (na) gray-ne
Irish: dealramh na gréine
Pronunciation: jal-rav na gray-ne
Irish: síobadh sneachta
Pronunciation: shee-bah shnokh-tha
Word: Blast (of wind)
Irish: séideán ghaoithe
Pronunciation: shay-dhawn gwee-heh
Word: Sheet (of ice)
Irish: leac oighir
Irish: scath fearthainne
Pronunciation: scaw farr-hinne
Irish: cóta mór
Pronunciation: ko-tha mor
Irish: cóta báistí
Pronunciation: ko-tha baw-ish-thee
Lesson #21 - Weather Phrases.
Phrase: Take care of yourself (mind yourself), or you might catch a cold in this weather
Irish: Tabhair aire duit fhéin no gheobhaidh tú slaideán san aimsear seo
Pronunciation: Thohr arr-eh dhitch hayn noh yeo-ee thoo sly-dhawn son am-shir shuh
Phrase: The forecast for tomorrow is good
Irish: Tá comharthaí na haimsire go maith le haghaidh amárach
Pronunciation: Thaw cohr-hee na ham-shir-eh guh mye leh heye a-mawr-och
Phrase: There is a blast of sharp wind coming from the north / the south-east
Irish: Tá séideán gaoithe ghéirr ag teacht ó thuaidh / ó thoir-theas
Pronunciation: Thaw shay-dhawn gweeheh yayr egg tiochth oh hoo-ee (oh herr-hass)
Phrase: Now that Spring is here the days will be lengthening
Irish: Anois teacht an Earraí beidh na laethe ag dul chun síne
Pronunciation: A-nish tiocht on arr-ee bye na lay-heh egg dhul khun shee-neh
Phrase: Isn't it so wonderful to look at a lovely sunset
Irish: Nach aoibheann bheith ag breathnú ar luí (na) gréine áileann
Pronunciation: Knock eev-en veh egg bra-noo err lee (na) gray-ne awl-yinn
Phrase: Do you have an umbrella with you? There will be rain/sleet in the afternoon
Irish: Bhfuil scath fearthainne leat? Beidh báisteach/flichshneachta sa tráthnóna
Pronunciation: Will scaw farr-hinne li-ath? Bye baw-ish-thioch/flickh-shnokh-tha sa thraw-nona
Phrase: No need for a topcoat/raincoat today
Irish: Ní gá cóta mór / cóta báistí inniu
Pronunciation: Nee gaw ko-tha mor / ko-tha baw-ish-thee inn-yuh
Phrase: The Irish weather is usually so uncertain
Irish: De ghnath in Éireann bíonn an aimsear neamhchinnteacht
Pronunciation: Djeh gnaw in ayr-inn bee-on on am-shir nav-khinn-thiochth
Phrase: We will have a bonfire tonight
Irish: Beidh tine chnámh againn anocht
Pronunciation: Bye chin-eh knawv og-inn a-nokhth
Phrase: Come in from the sun. It's hot out there now
Irish: Tar isteach on ngriain. Tá sé te amach ansin anois
Pronunciation: Thar is-tioch own ngreen. Thaw shay cheh amokh on-shin a-nish
Phrase: My shoes are wet
Irish: Tá mo bhróga fliuch
Pronunciation: Thaw muh vroh-gah fli-ukh
Phrase: We are having a very good summer this year
Irish: Tá Samradh breá againn i mbliana
Pronunciation: Thaw sow(as in cow)-rah bra og-inn i mblee-na
Lesson #22 - Halloween Phrases.
For the fun of it,this lesson is all about Halloween. Once again, we are most grateful to Aideen, our native Irish speaker, for making this lesson possible.
Phrase: Halloween Night happens next Thursday
Irish: Titeann Oíche Shamhna Déardaoin see chugainn
Pronunciation: Thith-inn Ee-heh how -na djayr-dheen shuh hug-inn.
Phrase: We'll have great fun at the party
Irish: Beidh spraoi mór againn ag an gcuireadh
Pronunciation: Bye spree more og-inn egg on gwir-eh.
Phrase: We played games and ate our fill of cakes, apples and nuts.
Irish: Bhíomar ag imirt cluiche agus d'alp muid ár gcuid den chiste, chnónna agus úlla
Pronunciation: Lvee-im-er egg im-irth cliff-eh ah-gus dholp muidge awr guidge djen kish-teh know-anah ah-gus oola.
Phrase: I got the ring in the Barm Brack tonight
Irish: Fuair mise an fáinne san Arán Breac anocht
Pronunciation: Foo-ir mish-eh an fawn-nyeh san ah-rawn brack ah-nochth.
Phrase: Hurry up, or we'll be late for the bonfire
Irish: Brostaigh ort*/oraibh**, nó béimíd déanach le haghaidh an tine cnámha
Pronunciation: brus-thee urth/ur-iv, noh bye-meedj jay-noch leh heye an chin-eh knaw-vah
*singular ** plural
Phrase: It's time to light the candles for the turnip
Irish: Tá sé in am na coinnle a lasadh don tornap
Pronunciation: thaw shay in om na quin-leh a loss-ah dhun thurnap.
Phrase: I love to hear ghost stories at Halloween
Irish: Is breá liom beith ag éisteacht leis na scéalta taibhsí um Shamhain
Pronunciation: Iss bra li-um veh egg aysh-thochth lesh nah shkayl-tha thigh-bh-shee um how-inn.
Phrase: The sky will be ablaze with the fireworks
Irish: Beidh an spéir ar lasadh leis na tine calaine
Pronunciation: bye on spay-ir err loss-ah lesh nah chin-eh col-an-eh.
For More Irish words & phrases please click here: Irish Index
Image: Gaeilge Beo from All Posters and Prints.
Wed, May 23, 2007
Listen and Learn Irish
Some phrases are free to learn and listen to, but with a gold membership to Irish Sayings, you can hear well over 450 commonly used words and phrases spoken in the Munster, Ulster and Connacht dialects for a one-time fee of just $22.95. Impress your friends and astound your Irish relatives!
For complete details, please click Irish Sayings.
Image Credit: Gaelscoil Osraí
by Noel Mogonagle
This book is excellent for beginners who are wanting a book that gives basic grammar without all the extra information that confuses beginners. The book is well laid out, with information very easy to find. Amazon Reviewer
Here is a good follow-on to our words and phrases.
Click for Irish Grammar.
Irish - English
English - Irish
Note: We have yet to see a dictionary with phonetic pronunciations for each word. We suspect this is partly due to the variations. Providing for all four 'green fields' (Connacht, Leinster, Ulster and Munster), would be cumbersome at best. Still, someone may do it some day. Until then, these are all very good and recommended. Serious students will have more than one; they are inexpensive.
These two (either or both) are the handy-references needed to go with a good grammar or 'teach yourself' course.
We would need both (and some other help) if found wandering in a Gaeltacht late at night.
Amazon has an offer of either one combined with a grammar for a reduced price.
Click for Collins Gem
Click for Oxford Pocket.
While I wouldn't recommend you use many of these phrases, this is a terribly funny book. I picked it up after leafing through it at the store and finding phrases about sheep and inns and the hazards of driving in Ireland without insurance. Each little section starts out innocuously enough, then quickly degenerates into truly funny comments. If you like Monty Python or BlackAdder, this will really make you laugh. If you liked the Father Ted tv show, this little book will make you keel over giggling. Ah, go on, ya eejit, buy it already! Amazon Reviewer
(We want this, you may see a few on these pages - watch out).
Click for Wicked Irish
An easy-to-use program for learning on your own, or can be used as supplemental material for your classes. These new editions have been thoroughly revised and updated to include the engaging dialogues and helpful exercises you have come to expect from the Teach Yourself series.
Click for Teach Yourself
The Best Irish Course Available! Three years ago I decided to learn Irish, and in the next two years I bought three different courses. The first two were simply useless, (that's the obvious reason for my buying new courses) you could learn some phrases, but not construct sentences yourself. Learning Irish, on the other hand, is an excellent book, which gives you a thorough vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. It consists of 36 lessons, all containing vocabularies, grammar instructions, texts and excercises. Amazon Reviewer.
Click for Learning irish